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Raymond, Clifford S. (Clifford Samuel) (1875-1950) | Lake Forest College Archives and Special Collections

Name: Raymond, Clifford S. (Clifford Samuel) (1875-1950)
Variant Name: Raymond, Clifford
Fuller Form: Raymond, Clifford Samuel

Historical Note:

According to the Chicago Tribune's October 22, 1950 extended obituary, Raymond joined the Tribune as a reporter in 1898, before the death of legendary publisher Joseph Medill.  In 1909 he began writing editorials and became chief editorial writer in April 1939.  After forty-four years with the newspaper, he retired in 1942.

In 1937, Raymond covered for the Tribune the independent “Commission of Inquiry” of Leon Trotsky, the Soviet leader exiled by Stalin in the late 1920s.  In August 1936, a show trial in Moscow sentenced Trotsky to death (in absentia), who then was living with Diego Rivera and Frieda Kahlo in a suburb of Mexico City.  In April 1937 there took place there an independent “Commission of Inquiry”.

Raymond sent several dispatches back to Chicago, which were published in the Tribune, and gave a day-by-day account of this colorful airing of a Soviet family feud, and further solidifying Chicago Tribune circulation district opinion against Stalin’s U.S.S.R. and the leader's methods.  Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico in 1940.  The Mexican inquiry covered by Raymond would have contributed to Midwestern reluctance to support Stalin in his struggles with the Nazis.  America First was founded on the North Shore to keep the U.S. out of the European 1939-41 conflict and from aiding Stalin.

Raymond published several volumes of fiction and poetry, including Clifford and John's Almanack, illustrated by fellow Hoosier John T. McCutcheon (long-time Tribune cartoonist and author), 1921.  His political novel, The Honorable John Hale; A Comdey of American Politics, was published by Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis, IN, in 1946.  He resided in Highland Park's Ravinia neighborhood, near one of his publishers, Ralph Fletcher Seymour (Sad Azrael and Other Poems, 1947).  His neighbors were the Dubins, architect Henry and his son Arthur, who inherited from Raymond his typescript of the 1930s Trotsky trial.

Raymond was a significant opinion leader, though his work for the Tribune and in the editorial vein of conservative isolationist Col. Robert R. McCormick, who outlived Raymond by five years.  Raymond's writings outside the Tribune too place him among the notable literary figures of his day.

His books:

Clifford and John's Almanack.  with John T. McCutcheon.  Reilly and Lee Company, 1921.

Four Corners.  George H. Doran Co., 1921.

The Honorable John Hale: a Comedy of American Politics.  New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1946.

The Men on the Dead Man's Chest.  Indianapolis: Bobs-Merrill, 1930.

The Mystery of Hartley House.  George H. Doran Co., 1918.

One of Three.  George H. Doran Co., 1919.

Sad Azrael and Other Poems. Chicago:  Seymour, 1947.

Our Very Best People.  Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1930.


Chicago Tribune, 1898 to 1950

Dubin, Arthur D., recollections.


Note Author: Arthur H. Miller, Archivist and Librarian for Special Collections, amiller@lakeforest.edu

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